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Constructed wetlands represent artificial wetlands with the main objective to harvest, treat and store storm-/grey water...
Smart roofs are a special type of extensive green roofs that fulfil different services to protect ecosystems in cities:...
- varying the bank reinforcement - plants/trees are planted along the riverside to stabilize the riverbank and thus avoi...
- High permeable material/special material that allows water to pass through into the soil - underground gravel bed (add...
Intensive green roofs* are often associated with residential buildings, hotels or underground parkings. The more complex...
- measure to initiate channel dynamics - enlarging the flood plain, shifting substrate within the river and bottom out b...
- Permeable concrete is permeable to water (also described as heavy permeable surface) - Special material/cement mixture...
Mounds are a very old strategy to make use of natural processes for proving flood protection. They enable settlement and...
Noise barrier as free standing living walls are constructions of baskets or different elements covered/filled with soil...
- expansion of the flood plain area - providing additional flood space by excavating the lateral river bed (flood plain...
Permeable paving systems are known as surfaces that are able to absorb storm water and thus, minimize the surface water...
- protection against erosion - combination of mats/covering with vegetation layer e.g. seeding and plants - use of local...
Residential Parks are part of the Green Infrastructure (GI) of cities and serve the residential areas as the nearest mai...
Biofilters (water) are developed to collect and purify storm- and wastewater and represent a promising system for storm...
A bioswale* is a vegetated, linear and low sloped pit often established in urban areas near/between roads with the objec...
- natural and careful measure - application for water bank protection and (strongly inclined) hillside stabilization - c...
Underground systems below public open spaces (sport fields) composed of modular elements to retain flash floods and to s...
Extensive green roofs* are basic, light weight systems, characterized by minimum maintenance and management (artificial...
- disruptive and diverting element are placed in a riverbed with the main objective to redirect, disturb, divert and def...
- Porous asphalt is permeable to water - Porous asphalt is similar to permeable/pervious concrete (function) - Composed...
For hundreds of years, the Khasi people of the Meghalayan mountains in north-eastern India have built bridges created wi...
- measures lead to flow variation and sediment shifting processes  structural remodelling - change of appearance  chan...
- Vegetated grid pavers consist of concrete bricks with gaps/funnels between the single bricks - Use of concrete bricks...
Biofilters (air) are facilities to control and purify biological waste gas. They are developed to reduce and eliminate b...
Green noise barriers are effective measures to reduce noise emissions along highly frequented roads. They are often desi...
- Opening of covered/buried watercourses (rivers, drainage systems) by removing concrete layers. - Reason for culverting...
A rain garden* is a kind of garden that primarily serves as area for water control (storage and infiltration) on a small...
- covering construction consisting of willow (able to root) and brushwood (not able to root) - installation and fixation...

This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under Grant Agreement No. 730052 Topic: SCC-2-2016-2017: Smart Cities and Communities Nature based solutions