- Opening of covered/buried watercourses (rivers, drainage systems) by removing concrete layers.
- Reason for culverting watercourses: need of space for buildings, parking lots, roads.
- Negative effects of culverting: degradation of habitats, pollution, flood risk.
- Daylighting leads to more space for the water; increased storage capacity of the channel.
- Daylighting results in a natural development of the riverbed and riparian zone.
- Storm water benefits/management; environmental, aesthetic co-benefits - positive effects: flood risk reduction, amenity value/recreation, habitat quality.
- Difference between “natural restoration” and “architectural restoration”.
- Natural restoration refers to the daylighting of channels and a natural development of the riverbed and riparian zone.
- Architectural restoration describes the daylighting of the channel that still follows a concrete/ constructed channel (less near-natural than channels of the first type).
|Beauty / Appearance||2|
|Usability / Functionality||1|