- varying the bank reinforcement

- plants/trees are planted along the riverside to stabilize the riverbank and thus avoid and retain erosion

- constructions of living willow, timer, stone

- willow revetments are suitable for large channels

Basic information

Retrofitting + Creation


Evapotranspiration none none
Shading none none
Reflection (Albedo) none
Water Conveyance 1
Water Infiltration 1
Water Retention 1
Water Storage none
Water Reuse none
Water Filtering 1
Water Bio-remediation 1
Deposition none
Bio-filtration none
Habitat Provision 2
Connectivity 2
Beauty / Appearance 1
Usability / Functionality none
Social Interaction none
Role of Nature / Mode of Action: 
- Replication of natural rivers - Replication of natural conditions (vegetation at the riverside) that stabilizes the soil, protects the river zone from erosion and slowdowns water velocity - Natural processes occur (filtering, storage, infiltration)
Technical & Design Parameters: 
- Relatively simple design and technical knowledge
Conditions for Implementation: 
- Needs a certain time till plants/trees are grown up and living revetment is developed and fulfils its service
Benefits & Limitations: 
Benefits: - Erosion protection - Filtering of water - Storm water management - Habitat provision (flora and fauna) - Esthetical value/recreation

This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under Grant Agreement No. 730052 Topic: SCC-2-2016-2017: Smart Cities and Communities Nature based solutions