- measure to initiate channel dynamics

- enlarging the flood plain, shifting substrate within the river and bottom out banks

- result: river expansion; sinks; shallow water; fast and slow flowing areas

- sediments with different sizes accumulate (sand, gravel, stones) on the river ground

Basic information

Retrofitting + Creation


Evapotranspiration 1 1
Shading none none
Reflection (Albedo) none
Water Conveyance 1
Water Infiltration 1
Water Retention 1
Water Storage none
Water Reuse none
Water Filtering 1
Water Bio-remediation 1
Deposition none
Bio-filtration none
Habitat Provision 2
Connectivity 1
Beauty / Appearance 1
Usability / Functionality 1
Social Interaction 1
Role of Nature / Mode of Action: 
- replication of natural river courses with sediment shifting processes and changing depth and width of the river - natural processes occur (filtering, storage, infiltration)
Benefits & Limitations: 
Benefits: - Increased floodwater discharge capacity - Reduced flood risk - Habitat provision

This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under Grant Agreement No. 730052 Topic: SCC-2-2016-2017: Smart Cities and Communities Nature based solutions