The overall objective of WP3 is to monitor and evaluate the measured performance and assess the potential impacts of nature-based solutions (NBS) in front-runner cities (Tampere, Eindhoven and Genova). To this end, use is made of key indicators of performance (KPIs) and impact (KIIs) as well as a systemic decision support tool (SDST) to underpin and support the co-creation of NBS in the face of global change (in particular population growth and climate change). Accordingly, WP3 is structured along the following tasks:

  • T3.1 Monitoring (M01-M60)
  • T3.2 Impact Assessment (M01-M48)
  • T3.3 Evidence, Process Evaluation and Synthesis (M37-M60)


Over the period June 2017 until March 2018, WP3 activities have focussed on the following tasks and/or milestones:

  • T3.1.1 Co-Identify KPIs and KIIs
    • A comprehensive list of no less than 360 potential NBS indicators (available here) has been compiled, based on information from EKLIPSE, MAES, CITYkeys, SDG11+ and other sources. These potential NBS indicators are organised across the traditional pillars of assessment, namely People, Planet, Prosperity, Governance and Propagation. In the report, potential NBS indicators are separated into: i) common indicators among all four SCC-2-2016 projects (as per NBS IEF-Taskforce discussions), ii) project-level indicators to assess the short/medium-term performance and impact of NBS pilot projects (as compared to the baseline; see below), and iii) city-level indicators to assess medium/long-term progress towards city objectives.
    • UNaLab front-runner cities met at the consortium meeting in Genova to brainstorm about potential NBS indicators (what, why and how?) (21 November 2017), at the WP3/5 face-to-face meeting in Brussels to narrow-down the list of 360 potential NBS indicators to be used (15-16 March 2018), and during (front-runner) city-specific telco meetings to discuss and select indicators for use in NBS performance/impact modelling (April 2018).
    • UNaLab has taken a pro-active role in the NBS IEF-Taskforce and, consequently, Laura Wendling and Peter Roebeling been invited by the EC to act as content-coordinator for the IEF-Taskforce – i.e. preparing contents, contributing to clustering meetings and synthesizing results across the four SCC-2-2016 projects.


  • T3.1.3 Establish Pre-NBS Baseline for Relevant Measurable Parameters
  • M3.1 Complete collection of existing 2015 baseline data (UAV) for front-runner cities (M08)
    • With the valuable input from the cities of Tampere, Eindhoven and Genova, a comprehensive list of data sources on climate, flooding, water pollution, urban heating, air pollution, ecosystem services and socio-economic information has been compiled for the front-runner cities. These data formed the basis to determine the pre-NBS baseline (‘2015’), which has been defined as the average over the period 2012-2016 as to obtain a representative baseline used to assess the performance and impact of NBS pilot projects.
    • The UNaLab Pre-NBS Baseline is presented in GoogleMaps/GoogleSites, as to allow for interactive and intuitive presentation of the pre-NBS baseline data.


  • T3.2 Impact Assessment
  • M3.2 Creation of preliminary database of population growth and climate change scenarios (UAV) for front-runner cities (M12)
    • With the valuable input from the cities of Tampere, Eindhoven and Genova, detailed data and information on population growth and climate change scenarios have been collated. These data are now being used to prepare population growth and climate change scenarios for 2030 and 2050 for the front-runner cities.
Publication Type: 
Internal Newsletter

This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under Grant Agreement No. 730052 Topic: SCC-2-2016-2017: Smart Cities and Communities Nature based solutions