Prague is the capital and largest city in the Czech Republic and also the 14th largest city in the European Union. The City of Prague has a population of around 1.27 million people. Another 300,000-400,000 people commute to Prague every day for work, studies, treatment or tourism. Prague concentrates approximately 12% of the Czech population and the territory of the city generates approximately a quarter of the national gross domestic product. About 80% of the total workforce in Prague is employed in the tertiary economic sector, which generates 80% of added value. Major universities and a number of research institutes (2/3 of public research institutions) are to be found in Prague, as well as the majority of businesses active in research and development. Prague is the recipient of 33% of the total national expenditure in research and development.

The city is facing numerous climate and water related urban challenges, such as densification, biodiversity loss, flooding and pollution. However, the city has a vision of implementing a number of nature-based solutions to tackle these challenges. Prague's vision for 2050 is to have a high quality green infrastructure, that is interconnected and provides multiple ecosystem services. The vision is also for the water bodies to be used for both recreation and sustainable water management in 2050. 

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This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under Grant Agreement No. 730052 Topic: SCC-2-2016-2017: Smart Cities and Communities Nature based solutions